• Discordon
  • Arable 2
  • Arable 4
  • The Claydon Straw Harrow
  • Ploughing
  • Xerion & Vadestaad Drill


Using a range of equipment, cultivation encompasses a broad range of services in ground preparation.

Cultivation is often classified into two types, primary and secondary. Primary cultivations tend to produce a rough surface finish, whereas secondary cultivations produce a seed bed with a smoother surface finish ready for drilling.   As part of our contract farming service, we undertake full cultivation and seed bed preparation ready for drilling.  We offer a full range of cultivation techniques suitable for all soil types and depending on the crop you wish to plant, we can advise and employ the best technique to ensure the ideal seed bed for a successful crop.  By using the right type of the cultivator to suit the conditions at the time, you will get the most consistent establishment for your crop which will reduce your establishment costs and increase your overall profitability.  



Ploughing is a process used to help prepare the soil for drilling by loosening and turning the soil.  Typically, this primary form of cultivation takes place in the autumn or early spring and serves to turn the upper layer of soil bringing fresh nutrients to the surface whilst burying the surface debris and loosening the soil.  As the plough is drawn through the soil, it leaves in its wake long furrows of fertile soil.  It is normal practice to leave the soil to dry out ready for secondary cultivations such as harrowing to prepare a more level seedbed for drilling.


Subsoiling can help to improve the growth in all crops where compaction is a problem. Inevitably, soils become compacted in areas tracked by machinery which can restrict the movement of water, air and plant roots within the soil; impacting on their survival. Subsoiling breaks up the soil layers below the normal tillage depths alleviating structural compaction in the rooting zone which can lead to better drainage, better root development and increased fungal and bacterial activity.

High clay content soils in particular can really benefit from regular subsoiling to help with drainage and aeration as well as encouraging worm populations and the general improvement of the soil structure. The result is a soil environment that is ideal for maximum growth, leading to stronger crops that are better suited to withstand long periods of prolonged rainfall as well as drought.

Mole draining

Mole draining, done correctly, can help to reduce the risk of waterlogging by guiding excess water to land drains in heavier soils and can also improve drainage where there are not conventional land drains.  Operated with a CLAAS XERION, the mole drainer creates unlined channels with a ripper blade with a cylindrical foot and expander which helps compact the channel wall.   Typically, clay soils are best for this type of drainage as the clay helps to hold the unlined channels together and reduces the risk of the compact channel walls collapsing.  Sandier soils tend not to hold the mole drains as well.  A good mole drain in the correct conditions can be the most cost effective way of draining. 


Discing is a primary cultivation often carried out behind the combine to aid germination of grass, weeds etc. followed by a spray of roundup and then a second pass to leave a seedbed.  

Power Harrowing

Power harrowing is generally used for secondary tillage after ploughing and subsoiling and can break up the most compacted ground, often in a single pass.   The main purpose of power harrowing is to break up the clods and provide a finer finish with a good tilth which is suitable for a seedbed.  Power harrowing doesn’t invert the soil layers which is useful in preventing dormant weed seeds from being brought to the surface as well as maintaining the soils natural composition, structure and biodiversity. 

Straw Harrowing

Straw harrowing provides a quick and cost effective means of encouraging chitting for more effective herbicide control.  It is the best way to encourage weed germination and guarantees a more successful strike rate when re-harrowing or spraying before seeding.  The harrow causes very little soil disturbance and rakes away any remaining straw along the ground after harvest, breaking down the crop residue and distributing it evenly.  By moving the straw, the harrow helps to expose slugs and eggs to the sun which also helps reduce their numbers.  


Rolling helps the establishment and growth of crops in the early stages of their growth.  Rolling is critical after drilling to ensure the consolidation of the soil around the young seed which helps make moisture and nutrients available to the young plant.  Rolling can also be carried out after the crop is well established.  This may seem detrimental to the growth of the emerging plants but the benefits outweigh the slight set back in crop growth and not only will the rolling consolidate the soil but it also helps to reduce slug activity. 

Case Studies

Improving waterlogged pasture land with the Sumo Grassland Subsoiler
Improving waterlogged pasture land with the Sumo Grassland Subsoiler Our Sumo Subsoiler is the ideal implement to help combat ground compaction, don't believe us? Ask Paul! Read more


CLAAS XERION 3800 The XERION 3800 is a versatile machine with an intelligent four-wheel steering system which makes it a key tractor within our fleet. Read more
CLAAS Axion 840
CLAAS Axion 840 The Axion 840 is very maneuverable and fitted with a front linkage it is our go to everyday tractor Read more
John Deere 6195R
John Deere 6195R A small, light,powerful and diverse all-round tractor Read more
John Deere 6215R
John Deere 6215R The John Deere 6215R is a small, light, powerful and diverse all-round tractor used for a variety of tasks. Read more
John Deere 7310R
John Deere 7310R A large, heavy, powerful and diverse all-round tractor ideal for draft work Read more
JCB Fastrac 4220
JCB Fastrac 4220 The JCB Fastrac 4220 is used for a wide variety of operations and provides us with a fast and efficient tractor. Read more
Gregoire Besson Plough
Gregoire Besson Plough Our Gregoire Besson is an 8 furrow semi-mounted plough which can be operated with or without a press for burying large amounts of trash or manures where cultivating would not bury the material effectively. Read more
Gregoire Besson Discordon
Gregoire Besson Discordon Our Gregoire Besson Discordon is used as primary cultivation behind the combine to aid germination of grass, weeds etc. followed by a spray of roundup and then a second pass with Discordon using the tines as well as the disc which will leave a seedbed. Read more
Väderstad RexiusTwin
 Väderstad RexiusTwin The Väderstad RexiusTwin crushes clods, levels and consolidates light and heavy soils at speed, leaving a surface well-prepared for drilling. Read more
Maschio 6m Folding Power Harrow
Maschio 6m Folding Power Harrow Our Maschio 6m folding power harrow is a secondary cultivator commonly used after ploughing to create a level seedbed. Read more
Maschio Atilla Cultivator
Maschio Atilla Cultivator Our Maschio Atilla Cultivator is a deep working primary cultivator which offers an alternative to the more traditional plough. Read more
Väderstad Carrier Cultivator
Väderstad Carrier Cultivator A mounted, light, shallow working cultivator Read more
Sumo Grassland Subsoiler
Sumo Grassland Subsoiler Improve and revitalise tired grassland with the Sumo Grassland Subsoiler Read more
Cousins 12m Sidewinder Rolls
Cousins 12m Sidewinder Rolls The Cousins 12m Sidewinder Rolls is a wide machine built for high output and a timely operation Read more
7.5m Claydon Straw Harrow
7.5m Claydon Straw Harrow The 7.5m Claydon Straw Harrow helps to level trash after combining, disturb slugs and help weed seeds to chit; creating a stale seedbed. Read more
Köckerling 6m Seed Harrow
Köckerling 6m Seed Harrow The Köckerling 6m seed harrow is a useful machine for overseeding grass leys and game covers. Read more


If you are interested in Cultivation why not give us a call on 01869 338307 or send us an enquiry.

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